Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy
Bloom’s Taxonomy first came in 1956. It presents grouping of educational objectives categorized in a continuum from Lower Order Thinking Skills to Higher Order Thinking Skills (Knowledge to evaluation). He identified four principles that inspired the development of the taxonomy, i.e. student behaviours, logical relationships among the categories, informed by current understanding of psychological processes and that it describe rather than impose value judgement. It was revised later in 2000 by Anderson making it easier to recognize as each level were given sub-levels that can be easily located or tracked. Both of these taxonomies are focused within the cognitive domain.
Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy is a more developed version of the original taking into consideration the interrelation of the three domains, the ever-evolving classroom (digital) and others factors that influence learning.
The first time I was asked to make a lesson plan long time ago (Okay, fine… decades ago), I spent a grand time identifying my main objectives. We were asked to write down three for each domain (cognitive, affective and psychomotor). It was explained beforehand that cognitive refers to the main content and that we have to write it starting with – “to understand.” Affective objective can start with – “to appreciate…” highlighting the emotional/attitudinal aspect; while psychomotor can start with – “to make (something that would denote action).” It was taken rather literally and the three were clearly identified as different and “away” from each other. The same was developed later by utilizing the mnemonic – SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-bound).
Technology was not included. When it eventually arrived, it was treated more of a content rather than a tool or medium. So, we saw computers (FDPO – for display purposes only) inside air-conditioned rooms where NO students were allowed. We touched it only twice the whole year and only certain “expert teachers” can go inside and operate it for fear of breaking it down.
It’s fun to go back and ponder on how I witnessed the evolution of teaching-learning process in various situations. Rubrics, like the ones presented in the article are like erasers dimming some of the teachers’ roles inside the classrooms while creating new ones. Likewise, it is exciting to know how further technological developments will define us – teachers in the near future.
Technology in the classroom
Technology is a bitter-sweet-sweet reality. Whether we like it or not, it’s here and we have no choice but to embrace it and max out its good use. It’s inevitable, necessary and evolving. It is “sweet-sweet” because it offers a lot that make our lives easier; “bitter” because it is not the same for everyone in terms of access for example (like in poorer countries/communities.) Bitter for older generations who are still struggling with technologies’ fast-paced development, evolution, etc (don’t forget the price and how fast they change).
I have been to high-tech classrooms such as classrooms here in Canada, in central Beijing, in Dubai and Singapore and my jaw dropped quite a lot of times. I had also witnessed classrooms in poor areas. In both scenarios, technology is present but it differ in terms of access, availability, amounts, offered exposures/use, kinds (not to mention – the models and brands).
Teaching and making students adapt to the changes in society where technology plays a huge part is very important. We want the students to leave our classrooms equipped with skills that are necessary in the world out there. If we are to produce graduates who will be productive once they’re out, every student should be groomed holistically and technological skill is definitely one essential part.
Every student and teacher should benefit from whatever essential technology is out there available; learn it, manipulate it, use it. Not every home can have every piece of technology, maybe not in Canada, but in poor communities, access is one primary issue. If classrooms are technologically-equipped, then at least, more students will have an access to it.
To Read or Not to Read
I think, deciding whether to read or not to read a material (print, cyber,billboards, etc.) nowadays won’t even take a minute. The tremendous amount of information we receive every minute of the day is possibly the major culprit in our lost or lessened interest to really grab, scan thoroughly and read with enthusiasm every article that comes before our eyes. Most of the info we come across are almost always meaningless for various reasons.
We have other options of accessing information, so “why read it when you can hear and watch it?” I can still remember how my dad would yell at us every time we touched a page of his morning paper, most specially the Sunday issue. It felt like a spoiled treasure after we put our hands on it. We could touch it only to make paper money, paper hats, Dixie cups, etc when it’s at least a week old; which meant, he got his new Sunday issue. Funny it may sound but it says a lot about how “technology” changed our society. Print is not anymore precious as it was 20 -30 years ago (at least according to me.) Anything that would be difficult to access would be precious anyway – if not expensive. Nowadays, prints are cheaper and at times no longer necessary since you can access it via internet or through some other forms.
Three blogs are created every minute. Therefore, for a blog to stand out, it should possess certain qualities. According to Weiberg of Techipedia, there are eleven characteristics of highly influential blog/bloggers. It includes consistency, eloquence, uniqueness, specific, personal, analytical, detailed, thought-provoking, passion, instructional and networked. She gave a throrough explanation regarding each characteritic plus very good examples of blog sites and bloggers. I enjoyed the most what was said about `passion.`Though it sounded more like of a crusade, if a blogger has passion in what he`s writing, then readers will follow. In addition to these characteristics, it is also important to keep the professional (or at least neat, non-cluttery) look of a blogsite. This will surely add to its credibility.
1st ECMP Class
That’s how I would like to express it. It was fun, overwhelming, confusing at some point but definitely productive and exciting! It put my e-knowledge and prowess to test. I thought I’m e-knowledgeable enough since I created websites before and still creating… but shame, shame, in “technology” – you can never be so sure.